Step 1: Assemble the Cabinet
Assemble the cabinet per the IKEA instructions, but hold off on inserting the shelves or attaching the doors.
Step 2: Prepare, Stain, And Finish All Pieces
So I am now completely obsessed with water based stains and finishes. I stained and finished everything inside my apartment with very little ventilation, no nasty smell, and I was able to clean all of my brushes with just soap and water! I don't think I'm every going back to oil based. Anyway there is my 2-cents, now back to the instructions.
Sand all of the pieces, including the 1" x 10" x 26" board, starting with #120 sandpaper, and finishing with #220. Then wipe clean with a damp cloth and let dry.
- Thoroughly stir wood conditioner.
- Apply wood conditioner with a foam brush. Allow to penetrate 1-5 minutes. I worked in small groups to make sure I didn't let the wood conditioner sit on any one piece for too long.
- Remove excess with a clean cloth or paper towel.
- Let dry for 15-30 minutes, then lightly sand the surface with #220 sandpaper to smooth any raised grain. Remove any dust.
- Apply the stain with a foam brush and allow to penetrate no longer than 3 minutes. I actually wiped the stain off almost immediately, you DO NOT want it to sit for very long because it dries very fast, and you don't want it to dry on the wood. Working in small areas at a time works best.
- Remove any stain that has not penetrated the wood with a clean cloth. Wipe in the direction of the grain making sure to use even pressure. Make sure the cloth you use to wipe off the stain doesn't become saturated otherwise it won't soak up the stain and will cause streaking. Continually move to a clean piece of cloth or switch to a new cloth. I went through a ton of paper towels during this process and afterwards I wished I had used reusable rags considering they could have been easily cleaned up with soap and water.
- Wait 2 hours before you apply the finish.
- STIR the finish, don't shake, otherwise you will get bubbles.
- Apply a thin coat of finish with a high-quality synthetic bristle brush. Move in the direction of the grain and try not to over brush. Watch out for any drips.
- Let dry at least 2 hours then sand with #220 sand paper and remove all dust.
- Apply a second coat. The can recommends 3 coats but I stopped at 2.
- Allow 3 hours before light handling and 24 hours before normal use.
Step 3: Glue Cabinet Brackets
When I first assembled the shelving unit I was a little disappointed with how rickety it was. So I took a few extra steps to make it more stable. Gluing the cabinet brackets in place with Gorilla Glue made the whole piece feel so much sturdier. Determine where your brackets need to go on the side rails for you cabinet to be at your desired height, and glue the brackets into the holes. I placed my brackets in the 18/19th holes from the bottom of the side units. Tape the brackets in place with masking tape as they dry, and wait 24 hours before moving on to assembly.
PS: I actually glued the brackets into place BEFORE I stained the wood but it made it harder to sand and stain, so I recommend doing it afterward.
Step 4: Assemble Shelving Unit
Once your Gorilla Glue has dried for 24 hours, assemble the shelving unit per the IKEA instructions, but hold off on inserting the shelves inside the cabinet. This is a lot easier to do with two people.
Step 5: Reinforce Cabinet
For more added stability I used mending plates to attach the back of the cabinet to the back of the side units.